Thanks to these spaces in the delivery, the rhythms produce the looser, danceable feel that many students would associate with dancing and having fun.
Perhaps due to a combination of these factors, I felt the reception of the SASPL truck was warmer than for previous antinuclear demonstrations, especially at spots usually cold to demonstrations like the Hachiko intersection, where people are fighting crowds to get somewhere and are annoyed that a demonstration is delaying their progress. Instead of annoyed looks, I saw people, both young and old, bopping to the beat, some waving peace signs.
I needed the parts now. I had to have a piece of that. I asked for a week to think it over. I glanced around the saloon. She made an O of her bright yellow lips, flexing her juicy tongue. I am a pathetic case that needs to lose pounds but just cant despite no junk food and only suffering from insulin resistance. Masters of the Universe: The Super Adventure.
In addition to agreement with the cause, this acceptance of the demonstration may be a sign that after years of recurring demonstrations in Shibuya, most visitors have gotten used to them as part of its atmosphere. Before the peak of antinuclear demonstrations in summer , many antinuclear demonstrators concealed their identities by wearing masks, hats, sunglasses, or whole costumes, while others held placards up to their faces when photographs were being taken. These T-shirts were selling out as fast as they were stocked.
Many protesters in antinuclear demonstrations also wear no-nukes-themed T-shirts, but in the bulldozer demonstration, the percentage of participants wearing a small set of T-shirts seemed much higher, creating an image of unity. Surprising for a demonstration involving the aggressive imagery of a bulldozer, police monitoring was gentle and not overwhelming in number.
Hence, as Tilly would predict, the performance practices of the anti-Abe demonstration harkened back to pre-existing practices from antinuclear demonstrations, with some incremental innovations owing to new networks of activists. The first verse lamented young people being led off to war. The second verse, delivered with characteristic humor, drew guffaws and applause from the audience:.
The band invited an audience member to improvise a third verse. The disclosure led Gori to say that his grandfather died saying that he could finally be with his friends and brothers who were killed in the war, while Somi said that both his grandfathers had died as soldiers in the war when his mother was barely a toddler. In the last iteration, the band began singing a phrase that has been commonly seen in anti-Abe tweets and protests, which activists have been trying to discourage. Perhaps realizing that he had gone too far, Gori made the excuse that these words worked better in text setting and rhyme.
Several audience members tweeting about the incident wrote the phrase in fuseji omitted letters or deleted their tweets later in an apparent attempt to protect the artists, the event, or themselves e. Wasurete iku no ka na? Are you going to keep on forgetting? When it was sung at the Peace on Earth concert in March , I heard the kaeuta to be about citizens forgetting the tragedy of the tsunami and nuclear accident of 3.
The performance was well received, judging from the full crowd, its warm reaction, and the Twitter feedback. Many tweeters listed it among the best shows at Fuji Rock e. The performance also summarized several aspects of music as political expression in Japan. Second, all the songs performed were straight covers or kaeuta of pre-existing songs, showing the efficacy of recirculating pre-existing material for political purposes.
The musicians, who are fully employed in other groups, could assemble material quickly, while the audience could listen nostalgically to familiar songs while contemplating the political meaning of the new lyrics. Third, the performance was inflected with self-censorship. As a live performance, the musicians had more freedom to express their views than in other spaces, like commercial recordings or a television broadcast, which carry explicit rules against songs that shame specific individuals or corporations Dorsey Nonetheless, the pretense of a group of pseudonymous musicians, even if everyone knew their identities, recalled the prevalence of pseudonymity among political activists and creators.
For example, the identity of the creator of the popular antinuclear character Monju-kun, who has over , followers on Twitter and has written four books, remains unknown to the public. The performers themselves were restrained in talking publicly about the event. I myself am only including my English translation of them.
As these are major-label artists, that is unlikely. The public, too, practiced self-restraint in reporting the event. As of this writing, few videos of the performance have appeared on the internet, although many audience members were taking them. Furthermore, most references on social media to the unrehearsed outburst were blanked out as fuseji. The audience members were acting like editors of the s, censoring themselves to protect the artist Abel The performance demonstrated the continuity of networks from one movement to the other.
The relationships reinforced at this and other events allowed for the formation of such groups. Participation in one movement also reduced hurdles for people—artists and audiences alike—to participate in the next. As Tilly had described, and as shown in the case of street protests, both practices and networks of contentious performances were being extended into other political campaigns.
In , several musicians who have participated in the antinuclear movement have also released recordings critical of the political systems that support nuclear power and the policies of the Abe administration. Musicians with a history on the Oricon charts have generally taken a softer stance in commercial recordings, as they did previously for antinuclear songs.
Rappers, too, have been active. As with the antinuclear movement, the most explicit criticisms of Abe have been outside of commercial recordings, in free streams on cyberspace. Moreover, the level of explicitness depends on how it is released and by whom: whether it is released commercially or for free on the internet; whether the record company is a major-label or an independent; whether the artist has a major-label association; and whether the genre is associated with mainstream or subcultural tastes.
In each of these spaces, many of the practices of the antinuclear movement, as well as the personal networks, have been carried over into the anti-Secrecy Law, anti-Constitutional reinterpretation movement. In all these spaces, musicians act to minimize their risks, in accordance with their status as major-label, independent, or avocational musicians, with major-label artists being most subject to constraint Manabe, forthcoming.
In Japan, censorship of music is not a governmental action; it takes place at the level of the recording and broadcasting industries Dorsey ; RIAJ.
It rarely takes the form of banning a recording, which seems more common in the United Kingdom than in Japan. The censorship is internalized, and musicians who feel compelled to express their political views do so in spaces where they face the least professional risks, some masking their identities through pseudonyms, or obfuscating their messages through metaphors.
To communicate their message, they refer to the music and symbols of movements with similar characteristics. These patterns from the antinuclear movement are helping people to express their anxieties and anger over the Secrecy Law and the reinterpretation of the Peace Constitution.
Moreover, they are helping the movement to reach out to a youthful constituency at this turning point in Japanese history. She has published articles on Japanese rap, hip-hop, new media, children's songs, and Cuban music in Ethnomusicology , Popular Music, Asian Music, Latin American Music Review, and several edited volumes. More information is available on her website or on her academic site. Abel, Jonathan E. Cloonan, Martin.
Aldershot, Hants: Ashgate Publishing Limited. Dorsey, James.
Lent and Lorna Fitzsimmons, 79— Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. Kubozono Haruo. Natsuko Tsujimura. Malden, MA: Blackwell. Manabe, Noriko. New York: Oxford University Press. Thomas, Dexter. According to a Kyodo survey in December , 82 percent of respondents wanted the Secrecy Law revised or abolished, and 71 percent were worried about it Mainichi Shimbun, December 23, However, activists like to go down this road precisely because it is narrow, allowing greater interaction between demonstrators and passers-by.
Most of the examples he lists have to do with morality i. If some extraterrestrial species were compiling a history of homo sapiens, they might well break their calendar into two eras: BNW before nuclear weapons and NWE, the nuclear weapons era. The latter era of course opened on August 6 , the first day of the countdown to what may be the inglorious end of this strange species, which attained the intelligence to discover effective means to destroy itself, but, so the evidence suggests, not the moral and intellectual capacity to control their worst instincts.
On day 4, Nagasaki experienced the technological triumph of Fat Man, a more sophisticated design. The war is over! Those were the auspicious opening days of the NWE. As we now enter its 70 th year, we should be contemplating with wonder that we have survived. We can only guess how many years remain.
Some reflections on these grim prospects were offered by General Lee Butler, former head of the U.